A neat Bloomberg chart puts things in context. (Numbers are averages for each president’s entire term in office.)
And note, here the yardstick is the crappy second half of the puntofijo era, not the relatively functional first half.
But the charts that best tell the story, though, are the two bullshit-bulldozers The Economist ran:Caracas Chronicles is 100% reader-supported. Support independent Venezuelan journalism by making a donation.