Fujimorazo en Gotas


The Supreme Tribunal’s Electoral Chamber has found the National Assembly in contempt (desacato) over the swearing-in of the three questioned Assembly Members from Amazonas State. The decision declares “absolutely null” any National Assembly decision might make while the three deputies in question hold their seats.


Click to enlarge


It’s worth restating that the “Supreme Tribunal” we’re dealing with is no such thing. It doesn’t reason juridically, doesn’t even go through the motions of feigning impartiality, doesn’t enjoy even rudimentary political independence from an executive branch it is wholly subservient to, and doesn’t even pay lip service to sustaining its own jurisprudence.

The five judges of the Electoral Chamber who handed down this decision are all hardcore chavistas, including a PSUV member of parliament who just lost his seat in the National Assembly in the same election he’s now effectively invalidated.




There’s a peculiar kind of illogic to a decision that invalidates acts that have not yet even taken place. Of course, what Miraflores-TSJ is doing is not really “overruling acts”, but disbanding the legislature.

What we have here is a very chavista kind of autogolpe.

Whereas in Perú, in 1992, Alberto Fujimori shut down congress the gorilla way, with tanks on the streets, chavismo’s self-coup comes all decked out in jurisprudential sophistry.

The end result is the same: the democratically elected legislative is under attack at the hand of an authoritarian executive with total control over a puppet judiciary.

When you control enough of the rest of the state, the tanks are surplus to requirement.

No surprises here. Yet no less sobering for it.

UPDATE: The first MUD reaction is defiant. Simón Calzadilla, the National Assembly’s third in command, vows to press on legislating with the 112 deputies elected on December 6th. 

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    • The AN can decide the three deputies have full immunity, but they will avoid voting in the Assembly for a period of time, while the Assembly decides whether they should lose their immunity. The assembly can request the proofs submitted to the court, stating their intent to decide based on the preferred proofs. They could add the court has 2 days to submit such proofs. If the court doesn’t send them, they can simply go ahead as if nothing was going on, conduct business with a 109 to 54 majority. If the regime doesn’t accept it, it’s a coup de etat via a perverted judiciary. And that’s it. The country will suffer the same fate as Cuba or North Korea. Outside help won’t come, Obama and the eu already made it clear the Cuban people are expendable, Venezuelans will be treated the same way, but they won’t get the dry foot treatment. Obama is simply too far left and too much of a weakling to offer visas to a couple of million Venezuelans. And the Latin Americans will simply sit there and stare, or cheer, or whatever.

      • Accept one single ruling from the illegal tsj (elected without the proper procedures and with simple majority instead of 2/3 majority) would mean the AN acknowledges the tsj as fully legal, thus opening the floodgates to 100 more “impugnaciones” which would dismember and destroy the AN.

        In any case, this is yet another fraud from the dictatorship.

  1. I think Cabello foreshadowed the what next it by saying today that there is no need to run the economic decree through the AN given its in contempt..while also saying it wont stop govt..expect the next news to be that the economic decree will be run through the communal parliament..and from that point on just ignoring the AN with anything substantive…this will be the Chavista way of saying to outsiders that they tried to comply with the spirit of the constitution in the best way they could (given AN crisis) by letting the people speak in the communal parliament..

  2. Aside from the obvious things members of the MUD have been spouting on Twitter, now would be a very good time for an official unified MUD declaration.

    • What has the FAN done for Democracy in the last decade?

      The Army has been letting the governing party rape and pillage this country for the last 16 years in exchange for decent pay and benefits and the opportunity to make exorbitant profits from illegal activities. What makes you think they will act any differently now?

      I am sorry, but I have little faith in the army. I hope I am wrong.

      • Right you are…but the altos mandos now have a new set of problems to worry about:

        1. Their rank and file reportedly voted heavily for MUD on 6D. Can they be counted on if called upon to act on behalf of the gvmt?

        2. Gvmt has no more $ for the gravy train

        3. What are the odds of a military coup within the military itself, led by constitutionalist generals and carried out by mid-level officers?

        4. Should they guarantee their own immunity by supporting Maduro, knowing that he is driving the country into ruin?

        I wouldn’t want to be in their shoes either right now

    • The only way I see the army take a position contrary to the (joke of) Supreme Court that we have is if people take to the streets massively and demand it.

      • There’s the people. I agree that’s the critical factor now. I also wonder though, what are Venezuela’s creditors thinking? China is no advocate of democracy, but does it just sit back in the face of all this and say: excellent! Luis Salas will put our money to good use!

      • Here is an idea to press the ‘accion de calle’.

        Pass amnesty for the political prisoners and then have a walk to Ramo Verde or la Tumba in Plaza to free them in a pacific march.

    • Two snippets from Padrino Lopez:

      1- Don’t try to entangle us in your polítical mess. Army shouldnt be used for coups.

      2- Chavez and his legacy are sacred. Dont you dare to desfile them, although se already did with Bolivar’s corpse.

      Now you know the answer. The military will stick to Maduro unless they are pressed to start mass murder operations

      • Little turds like padrino are absolutely fine with mass murder, let’s not forget he was one of those who celebrated the decree that legalized the use of lethal force against demonstrators.

        In fact, padrino might be entangled up to the neck with the narcosoles, which would be a logical reason he will side with the dictatorship until the bitter end, it’s not about being “apolitical” or “not wanting to get involved in your mariquita politics”

  3. Given that Ramos Allup also shows himself to be defiant, think that the clash between the branches is going to keep developing, as expected.

    If it isn’t this, it was going to be any excuse, so might as well dig in the trenches.

    Speaking off, why they are asking for the “Economic Emergency” decree to an Assembly that they “don’t recognize”? Is time to keep calling the chavistas’s bluff.

    • If I were the AN, which I am not, but if I were… I would run business as usual. Dedicate a few words, “The Supreme Court is just trying to keep its owners in power while people do lines and get shot”, and start working right away on the elderly benefits and the Misión Vivienda ownership. Then I’d press them on the Executive.

      If you accept the laws, you’re recognizing my legitimacy. If you don’t, you’re “kicking the people when they’re down for pure political reasons, you’re punishing the poor”.

  4. “The position of the army in this crisis will be critical. Are there any indications as to what stance the FAN will adopt?”
    They are the only hope. Let us hope that there exist a faction of them who still retain some sense of loyalty to the country and not to their pockets.

    • “El chino” Really?

      You would be surprised to learn exactly how insulting that is to anyone of Japanese descent. I am picturing Francisco’s wife, Kanako, with steam coming out of her ears.

      • Errmm…

        Fujimori actually campaigned as “El Chino”. Look up certain campaign videos and you will hear him say, “los cholitos estan con el chino.”

        From Wiki:


        During the campaign, Fujimori was nicknamed El Chino, which roughly translates to “Chinaman”; it is common for people of any East Asian descent to be called chino in Peru, as elsewhere in Latin America, both derogatively and affectionately. Although he is of Japanese heritage, Fujimori has suggested that he was always gladdened by the term, which he perceived as a term of affection.[36]

        If we are going to adopt the US’ fake outrage culture, let’s use it when it’s actually merited.


          • But he has a point. Fujimoro took no offense being called “El Chinito”. He truly did see it as a term of affection and embraced the term in his politicizing.

          • Yeah, I get it. But, I didn’t know the history. It struck me the same as Americans who classify all Latinos as “Mexicans”.

    • While both are autocratic, there is a great deal of difference in their record of accomplishments. Fujimori took office confronting both hyperinflation and left wing terrorism. Fujimori effectively dealt with both issues. I fail to see what Chavismo has accomplished in seventeen years, other than fritter away hundreds of billions of oil revenue dollars.

      • Boludo,

        You are right, but more importantly Fujimori had popular support (he still does in many quarters so much so that his daughter Keiko is the front runner for the upcoming election).

        You cannot under estimate the apocalyptic sense that Peru had in the early 90s. There were continuous blackouts due to terrorist attacks to the power transmission towers. Things were blowing up in Lima. Around that time, Vargas Llosa penned “La Historia de Maita” which captures the vibe.

        The economy was in shambles and the Congress was paralyzed and would not pass any law to start addressing the issues.

        The military wanted to take Sendero gloves off.

        The action of a coup to the Congress may be the same but the conditions leading to it were very different.

        • Around that time, Vargas Llosa penned “La Historia de Maita” which captures the vibe.
          I have a copy of “Historia de Maita” on my bookshelves. I started it, but never finished it. I never got past the ’50s. It was a good read. I just didn’t finish it -I purchase more books than I read. I did finish “Lituma en los Andes,” which is of the Sendero time. New Years resolution to finish?

          This rehash of Peru in the time of Sendero reminds me that Lori Berenson recently came back to the US. She was one arrogant Gringa who ended up paying the price for putting her PSF sentiments into practice.Had she taken the time to talk with Juan or Juana Bimbo, I suspect she would have found out that there wasn’t as much support for her beloved MRTA as she believed there was. At least that was my experience in working in countries with guerrillas- there was more of a “ni-ni” attitude. A fellow employee in Argentina told me of getting an offer to be paid for acting as a messenger for guerrillas- an offer he was glad he declined.

          [I did some trekking in the Andes before the time of Sendero. Some told me before I set out on one trek near Huaras that I would get robbed and assaulted in the mountains. Having been exposed to the jocular nature of many in Huaras, I laughed it off. I found out that those who lived in such isolation were glad to meet strangers. Little did I know that several years later that prediction would have turned out to be accurate, given how Sendero killed trekkers.]

  5. Well, it’s not as if anybody felt that the Maduro regime was ever going to be a good faith negotiator, let alone a good faith anything. Maybe they can be entrusted to run the central bank with no oversight while they’re busy pretending other institutions simply don’t exist?

    I just wonder how much of a push the military needs to throw them under the bus for good. My fear is, absent any real pressure, whoever is left that can actually enforce the law by the end of the gun are going to reach for the wallet and the holster at the same time.

    Or to quote the Lorax, “Unless..”

  6. A question one would ask in a normal country:

    How it is possible that the Supreme Court Electoral Chamber has not yet ruled on the challenges to the Amazon representatives’ elections results? What is the challenge based on? What’s the point of an electoral chamber if it cannot make a decision on an electoral issue in a matter of days or even hours. How long did the Supreme Court take to rule on Bush vs Gore? I think it was less than a day.

    • Because they had no intention of ever ruling. The idea goes somewhat like this:

      1- Accept ‘amparo’ and bar the deputies from taking office.
      2- Never rule on the case, blocking any other election in Amazonas because the case is still open.
      3- Reject the 2/3 majority because 109 is not 2/3 of 167 (arguing that since these guys were elected, they should count for the quorum even though they cannot take office)

  7. The burning question I have is what’s going to stop Ramos Allup from being arrested by SEBIN agents in the coming days, Daniel Ceballos style? Because absent of an answer, I would suspect that is exactly what might be in the regime’s playbook.

    • That’d be going full blown Gestapo.

      Ramos, as a sworn deputy, has inmunity. The only body that can remove it is congress itself. If Ramos, or any other deputy is arrested, the domestic and foreign rejection will definitely harm the “capital político” of the already worn-out chavismo.

  8. So this is a fight between a bunch of thugs in control of the guns [and the bandits in possession of the guns] and a bunch of guys that run their quarrel on tweeter and a few media outlets. Who’s to come out victor?

  9. La crisis económica se agudiza. El petroleo sigue bajando. No podemos importar suficiente comida. No tenemos respaldo popular. Nos hienen fichados los movimientos de capitales y drogas.
    Tensemos la cuerda hasta que reviente. Si nos tratan de dar un golpe militar tenemos excusas para los próximos 5 años o más.

    • “O mejor todavía y más simple: Démosle coñazo parejo al que se arreche y le echamos la culpa de todo, para que los otros que están arrechos se alegren porque les sobamos el ego un poquito.

      Con suficientes coñazos, quedan dos opciones, o se rinden, o se mueren, en cualquier caso, no seguirán dando peos.”

  10. I think it’s important to insist that this was not the decision of a court. A court calls for evidence from the parties to a dispute, invites legal argument and inquires as to the ruling precedents. Following a full airing of the dispute, it provides reasons for its decision, setting out why the legal arguments and evidence of the losing party has been inadequate.

    There’s been nothing like that here.

    • Granted it is only a court in name only and by all you have said should be invalid. Unfortunately, under this government, the name is all that is required. It is all powerful because the government SAYS it’s all powerful… and short of a coup, there is nothing the opposition can do to counter that fact.

  11. Wait…my impression is the Cubans run the military. .top to bottom…no hope there.
    My curiosity is..why haven’t they arrested the NA president?..it’s going to happen…just hold your breath..
    Aso…isn’t alot of this treasonous? .. Cabello subversion of the NA..TSJ as a proxy of the PSUV…ignoring the CNEresults..but wait..the MUD has lots of arguments. ..the MUD is about to be flushed down the toilet. ..El Pueblo isn’t coming to their rescue. …no way

  12. Question: does anyone know if there has been any public reaction in Amazonas to the possible nullification of their electoral results?

  13. General Padrino is subservient to DCR. He was compromised (w/narcotics) in 2014 when tasked with cleanup of Sinaloa drug plane mishaps (resulting from landing heavy aircraft on soft fields). When El Chapo was incarcerated, DCR stabbed him in back not once, but twice by shooting down two Sinaloa jets w/crews and loads…a Challenger and a Hawker800. DCR bid his time and reacted to narcotics allegations by using FAV F-16 Vulcan cannon to fire 20mm rounds into both jets. A horrible way to die because they crews alive when splashed. Thus allegations by Spain ABC of Sean Penn, El Chavo and Margarita are false. The recapture and now guaranteed extradition of El Chapo to the U.S. is for the purpose of negotiating directlly with El Chapo in exchange for information on DCR, brother David, right-hand man HCarvajal, and generals which will lead to for-sure indictments.

      • roy, Im an analyst consutant and advisor with a solid 13 year track record dealing with venezuelan thugs. have been working narcotics aircraft since 2006 dc-9-15 incident which involved the same group of actors. I have to choose words carefully. no more no less

  14. This may be helpful here:


    “En todo caso, continúa Rangel Rachadell, el desacato debe ser enviado a la Sala Constitucional con copia certificada de la decisión para que se declare el desacato. “No le compete a la Electoral pronunciarse, y en el peor de los casos, cualquier sanción que se declare contra la Directiva de la Asamblea no se puede ejecutar por estar protegidos por la inmunidad parlamentaria, que solo puede levantar la mayoría de los diputados de la Asamblea”, explicó. ”

    That’s only part of what he said, maybe not the most important, at that, but apparently the law requires a written and certified contempt notice be sent from the AN to the TSJ. In other words, the law requires the AN to announce, in writing, certified, “We are in contempt of you, TSJ, and here is the notice.” That makes a lot of sense, as it prevents precisely what has happened, that the TSJ unilaterally declare the AN in contempt of it.

    Another point Rachadell makes is that the TSJ cannot nullify acts of the AN which have not yet been enacted. It’s almost comical, really, the idea of ruling on something which has not been enacted. Note: it is the AN which makes the laws, not the TSJ.

  15. I keep reading every article that I find related to the current situation of AN and the TSJ, but in the end nothing is clear to me. It’s like the old question of who came first, the chicken or the egg? That is, who has more power? the National Assembly or the Supreme Court? And who determines it? Who decides? Who breaks the tie? Some say that the FAN, others say that “el pueblo” (which seems like an especially ethereal argument) and some even mention the CNE. But again, in the end nothing it is clear to me… Any thoughts on this matter?

    • I’m glad you asked. Here is what you need to know.

      I’m just kidding I do not have the answers, just some thoughts.

      The situation is like this, legally speaking the AN is supposed to be the preeminent power but that is in a world where laws mean something.

      In Vzla there is a dictatorship, a veiled one, not an open one.
      Chavismo/Madurismo uses laws as a fig leaf to maintain a fiction of legality and legitimacy.

      Why? Why don’t they just come out of the closet?
      Because that is terra incognita for them.
      They do not know how the people, the military, civil society, international community, etc.
      even their own followers are going to act and react if they just come out an declare themselves bad guys.

      And why would they need to?
      As long as there is the impression that democracy still kind of works,
      they can string the situation along and delay and gain time.

      Their followers and the international community can turn a blind eye and swallow the official lies.
      Their opponents can believe that there is a pacific way (which there always is).
      Chavismo/Madurismo has mastered this delicate balancing act since 2002.

      So do not worry too much about who is right or who is the arbiter.
      Madurismo is the arbiter because they still control most of the power.
      They cannot afford to let the opposition get the upper hand.
      For them there is too much at stake.
      They burned their ships long time ago, and they have no escape.
      They are going to hunker down and try to ride the storm just like they did in 2014 and 2003.

      In a way, for the opposition the situation is not that much different from before 6D.
      Those that say that elections do not topple dictatorships are right.
      They are not by themselves game finishers.
      But it does not mean elections are worthless, they are invaluable, crucial milestones along the way.

      The regime is wounded and much weaker now, but not yet defeated.
      The AN is a hollow institution when there is no legality.

      But this acts tear down that fig leaf to a mere twig.
      The government’s balancing act gets more and more precarious, even ridiculous.
      Of course, they do not care how they look as long as it keeps them in power.

      So what is left to do for the opposition?
      Keep doing what they are doing, they need to keep talking to the people,
      from the AN, from the media, directly. Keep tearing down that fig leaf.
      Public opinion IS the ultimate arbiter and
      the opposition IS winning that fight.

      The government is doing desperate things and everyone can see it.
      Eventually they will have to take off that fig leaf and then internal fissures and cracks will develop into gaps and craters and the whole thing will collapse.
      It is not going to be pretty.

      • Ditto Amieres, well said.

        For the cracks and fissures to expand and result in catastrophic failure of the structure, the pressure and forces acting on tit must not stop. This is what needs to be understood. AN actions, media actions, PR actions and above all people in the streets, everyday actions need to be intensified.

        For example, lets stop talking about a government.

  16. The democratic process, if nothing else, has allowed the majority to know that they are the majority. The majority has spoken, and if that is not respected by those who were elected to serve the majority, then either the voters rise up to defend their democracy, or they lose it!

    • Some people will never get it…

      #LaSalida once you have 112 deputies and an 18% national popular vote margin looks pretty good. #LaSalida without those things? Despeñadero…

      • #LaSalida wasn’t planned, it was spontaneous, that’s the first thing someone has to understand when trying to discuss anything about it, LL and others only got in the ride when the protests had been happening for some days, let’s not forget that said protests begun in Táchira after some vielma mora’s bodyguards tried to rape a student, which was the “last straw” for a lot of angry people there. Because it wasn’t a planned movement, #LaSalida ended like many other “spontaneous” movements, consuming itself once the initial momentum got lost.

        That first paragraph was for you, Toro, people in Táchira were so tired to be stepped over that things got ugly, they have been cornered, threatened and beaten up, so they lashed out, regardless of how many % the chavizmo had in that time.

        Now that we’ve clarified that point, I have to agree on the part where you say that “#LaSalida MK II” looks “pretty good”, but only partially, because there’s a key component there in common, the lack of direction or a visible leadership to such a movement, which will lead to another dead end again with the dictatorship being able to brace themselves for the impact like they did in 2014, I believe there are three big factors involved:

        1- Amount of people that “agree” with the protests (Or just the amount of really pissed off people)
        2- Visible leadership.
        3- Public opinion, be it from hegemoncorp or from other factors (aka the comeflores that say that protests are a waste of time)

        2 is still the same today, no visible leadership to drive the protests, but 1 and 3 are much worse for chavizmo today than in 2014.

        Many people assure that the military won’t lend themselves to slaughter people, bad news, people, that’s where the colectivos come in, but, being a bit of a bastard here, that would actually be a good thing, because throwing a bunch of “malandros with no demonstrable connection to the regime” at a much bigger bunch of really angry people will result in almost all those malandros “hung by the privates”

        The colectivos are the first line of defense in the regime, or maybe the second, the first line are unarmed militants that just toss bottles and stones, which will turn tail and run once they see that the protesters won’t turn back but will go for them once they cast the first stone, and the military certainly won’t want to get involved in cases that might end biting their asses later, like the case of the kid that was offed via shotgun headshot in Táchira and the other with that lady that was beaten up by a guard using a helmet.

        I hope that when people looks for culprits in this mess, they’ll look to the particularly evil son of a bitch that set this latest mess into motion: joge rodríguez, it was his bullshit accusations of fraud which brought us to this point (Maybe it wasn’t his idea, but he spoke it to the public)

        Ah, also, I believe there’ll be more than #LaSalida MKII, this will end looking like the Megaman franchise (a game with more than ten sequels), chavizmo believes they can beat down the people into submission.

        This is just another stripe to the tiger, this has been a dictatorship since the corpse ordered to slaughter the people in april 11.

          • Oh, true, I forgot that you believe zealously in that little piece of chavizta disinformation, that LL and MCM suppossedly planned the protests as a hissy fit against the “comeflores”, that the people’s too stupid and passive to get angry about something to protest and yadda, yadda, yadda.

            Keep believing, dude, if that makes you feel so good, just as chaviztas believe in the Chavolívar, the sun doesn’t rise from the south just because you choose to believe it.

        • The fact that there were spontaneous outburst does not justify key politicians like MCM, LL and AL supporting they way they did. They should have tried to guide into something productive, not back it unconditionally until either government falls or it fails, as it did.

          I have said before the street is always an option but never like LaSalida. Apart from it’s extemporaneity and breaking unity, the worse about it was its all-or-nothing, terminal nature (ElQueSeCansaPierde). That is an absurd tactic because it means the government only needs to wait it out to win. It happened before with the general strike. Waiting is easy for the government they have plenty of resources and don’t need to do anything. Time works in their favor.

          The way to use the streets is to keep mounting demonstrations, not to topple the government but to show discontent and to gain supporters. It must be creative and it cannot be continuous. It must constantly renovate and regroup and restart again, otherwise it will tire out and fizzle down.

          At the same time, the communication effort must work and call out to all the organizations and institutions of the country for their support.

  17. I would give up a kidney to know what the MUD high command is planning right now.

    They better be planning something. And it better be smart.

  18. Chile, 1891?

    There was a civil war between the President (Balmaceda) and the Congress. Congress refused to pass a budget that Balmaceda would accept. He declared that the 1890 budget would be used. Congress voted him deposed. Then Congress leaders fled to north Chile, where they launched a rebellion based on the navy. After several months of fighting, the rebels captured Santiago and Balmaceda shot himself.

    The parallel question today is: will any part of the Venezuelan armed forces support the President against the AN, or vice versa? By itself, the AN has no teeth – no power of arrest. ISTM that the MUD must be prepared to take to the streets, and confront the regime with the people – using mass action to liberate political prisoners or take control of government buildings.

    This would be a very bad precedent – but if the federal police and the armed forces remain obedient to the executive and judiciary, in defiance of AN removal of them, what other means remain?

    • ” ISTM that the MUD must be prepared to take to the streets, and confront the regime with the people – using mass action to liberate political prisoners or take control of government buildings.”

      I deeply believe this is ill concieved.

      We must think of street protests as chavistas think of colectivos: an extremely volatile and unweildy weapon to be used with extreme care.

      Te imaginas con el ejecutivo lo nervioso que esta? We could have a Caracazo 2 on our hands. The more this can be resolved in the cupulas de poder, the better.

      • “We must think of street protests as chavistas think of colectivos: an extremely volatile and unweildy weapon to be used with extreme care.”

        Wise words.

        Our greatest win on 6D was that we finally hold legitimate power, we’re part of the institution now. The same law that, in theory, protects them also protects us.

        It could wash away if, in the eyes of the people, that legitimacy is tainted. If you go to town and turn this into Abril 2002, there’s a lot more to lose than to gain.

  19. If I were the AN, which I am not, but if I were… I would run business as usual. Dedicate a few words, “The Supreme Court is just trying to keep its owners in power while people do lines and get shot”, and start working right away on the elderly benefits and the Misión Vivienda ownership. Then I’d press them on the Executive.

    If you accept the laws, you’re recognizing my legitimacy. If you don’t, you’re “kicking the people when they’re down for pure political reasons, you’re punishing the poor”.

  20. No surprises. Meanwhile in the real world the oil price continues to plummet. The chance of a quick and bloodless transition looks as far away as ever.

  21. But that “legitimate power” means nothing if neither the executive or the judiciary acknowledge it. As it stands, the TSJ has (unconstitutionally) barred three deputies from being seated, then (unconstitutionally) declared the AN invalid for seating them anyway. This means that (according to the TSJ) the AN has no power.

    Suppose the AN passes a law requiring the release of Leopoldo Lopez. The TSJ rules that the law is void because the AN is invalid, and LL stays in prison. OK, the AN unseats the three disputed deputies, and passes the law again. Now the TSJ rules the law unconstitutional on completely specious grounds. LL stIfys in prison. The AN votes to remove the TSJ justices who issued that travesty, and the TSJ dismisses the vote because it was not a 2/3 majority of the full AN.

    The chavernment can play this game forever. If the AN refuses to appropriate funds for some activity, the chavernment spends the money. If the AN repeals a law, the chavernment continues to enforce it. The AN rejects an appointment by the chavernment; the appointee takes office anyway. At some point MUD will have to fight.


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